Glossary

Endometrium

The tissue lining the inside of the uterus.

Epididymis

A structure that covers part of each testis and stores mature sperm cells

Estrogen

A hormone that is produced in the ovaries and plays a role in regulating ovulation and endometrial development

Fertilization

The penetration of the egg by the sperm and the resulting fusion of genetic material that develops into an embryo

Fetus

In medical terms, an embryo becomes a fetus at about the end of the seventh week of pregnancy, after major structures (head, torso, limbs) have formed

Follicle

A structure within the ovary containing the egg that is extruded at ovulation

Follicle Stimulating Hormone

A hormone that causes cells in the ovaries to grow. Sold under the name Follistim, Fertinex, and Gonal-F.

Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT)

A variation of ART in which unfertilized eggs and sperm are placed together in the fallopian tubes, with fertilization taking place in the tube instead of a laboratory dish

Hysteroscopy

hysteroscopy is a procedure used to examine the inside of the uterus (womb). It's carried out using a hysteroscope, which is a narrow tube with a telescope at the end. Images are sent to a computer in order to get a close-up of the womb.

Implantation Bleeding

Light bleeding or spotting that sometimes occurs when a fertilized egg (embryo) implants in the uterus

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