Glossary

Incompetent Cervix

A condition in which a pregnant woman’s cervix begins to dilate too soon, causing miscarriage

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

A technique in which a single sperm cell is injected through a microsurgical needle directly into the cytoplasm of an egg to facilitate fertilization

IUI

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a form of assisted conception. DuringIUI, your doctor will place washed, prepared sperm into your uterus (womb) and near to your egg at your time of ovulation. This procedure is often combined with fertility drugs to increase your chances of conceiving.

IVF

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a reproductive technology in which an egg is removed from a woman, joined with a sperm cell from a man in a test tube (in vitro). The cells fuse to form single cell called a zygote, which then starts dividing, becoming an embryo.

Laparoscopy

Laparoscopy is a way of performing a surgery. Instead of making a large incision (or cut) for certain operations, surgeons make tiny incisions and insert tiny instruments and a camera into a site, such as into the abdomen, to view the internal organs and repair or remove tissue.

Luteal Phase

The second half of the menstrual cycle, beginning at ovulation (day 14 in an average 28-day cycle) and ending with menstruation

Metformin

Medical Definition of METFORMIN. : an antidiabetic drug used in the form of its hydrochloride C4H11N5·HCl especially to treat type 2 diabetes in patients unresponsive to or intolerant of approved sulfonylurea drugs—see glucophage, glucovance.

Oligospermia

A cause of male infertility in which fewer than 40 million sperm are present in the semen from one ejaculation

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is the principal androgen-excessdisorder, and affects between 5% and 10% of all women. Signs andsymptoms of Androgen Excess, such as the Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, include: Infertility. Irregular ovulation or menstrual periods.

Tubal Ligation

A type of female sterilization in which the fallopian tubes are cut, clipped or tied

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